You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
This score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans etcetera.
All three major credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to build your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you carry? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Your score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Since the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to significantly improve the number with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your score, you must obtain your score and make certain that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO credit score, sells credit scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us at 425-508-9988.
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