How's your FICO Score?
Because our society is so automated, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building a credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your FICO score affects your monthly payment
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your credit score, you must get your score and ensure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at 425-508-9988.
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